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八年级上册英语第四五单元知识点归纳

Unit4 What’s the best movie theater?

A. 大多数形容词有三个级

(1)原级: 常用结构__________像..……一样

Zhang Hong is __________ Tom.(和......一样高)

Tom runs __________Jack.(和......一样快)

否定形式: “不如/不及..…____________________

(2)比较级(用于两者之间的比较)

常用结构:__________

____________________(谁跑得更快),Lucy or Hanmei?

____________________.(他比我高)

Holly’s best friend is __________。(比他更有趣)

(3)最高级用于三者或三者以上比较,形容词的最高级前常加定冠词____

常用结构: a: ____________________是...... 中最......

Eg:He is the tallest of the three.

活学活用:

The seats in the middle of the cinema are the best of all.

John is__________(最胖的) in his class.

b:____________________最……之一

Eg:Kunming is one of the most beautiful cities in China.

活学活用:

Changjiang River is ____________________(最长的河流之一) in the world.

c:特殊疑问词+be+the+最高级,甲,乙or丙?

Who is the tallest,Tom,Jim or John?

_____________________________(哪种语言是最困难的),English,Japanese or Chinese?

Which is ________________(最好的电影院),Town Cinema,Screen City or Movie Palace?

d:the +序数词+最高级+单数名词+in 短语

The Yellow river is the second longest river in our country.

《注意》形容词最高级前一般要加定冠词the,但当形容词最高级前有形物代,所有格时,则不能再加the. Please give my best wishes to your sister,Lily.

The monitor said last Sunday was his most unlucky days in his life.

B. 形容词、副词比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化。

教科书114页

far—further—furthest (程度深)

far-farther—farthest(距离远)

old—elder —eldest (长幼)

1.close to home 靠近家里

close 形容词。表示“近的,接近的,封闭的,亲密的”意思

[搭配]______________________与某人/某物接近

[拓展]close 还可作动词,意为“________”

He is to me. A. open B. closing C.closed D.close

Tianjin is _____ Beijing.

A. close to B. close from C. closed to D. closed from

2.enough 可以修饰名词也可以修饰形容词。 当它修饰名词时可放在名词的前边,也可放在后边。当它修饰形容词或副词时,则放在后边。

There is enough water (名)here. 这里有足够的水。

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