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初中反义疑问句详细讲解[1]

反义疑问句

制作人:张春会2013年9月25日Wednesday

一、英文中的反意疑问句。

1、什么是反意疑问句

英语中,反意疑问句是由陈述句和附在其后的附加疑问句组成。其中附加疑问句是对陈述句所说的事实或观点提出疑问,起证实作用,一般用于证实说话者所说的事实或观点。翻译为“是吗”

2.反意疑问句的回答,回答时,如果情况属实,用Yes加上反问句的倒装肯定句;若果情况不属实,则用No加上反问句的倒装否定句。例如

You were moved by your students, weren’t yo u?

情况属实:Yes, I were.

情况不属实:No, I weren’t.

二、反意疑问句中问句部分的动词与陈述部分的动词在语气上成相反的对应关系,即:肯定+否定;否定+肯定如:

①You can’t do it, can you?

②They are very late for the meeting, aren’t they?

三.当陈述句中含有be动词,助动词,或是情态动词时,反问句部分由这些词加上主语人称代词构成,

Be动词包括:am, is, are, was, were

助动词有:do, does, did, have(用在完成时), has(用在完成时)等

情态动词有:can, could, may, might, must, will, would, shall, should

例如:

She is a lovely girl, isn’t she?

He will go home, __won’t__ __he__?

She doesn’t l ike to eat popcorn, __does__ _she___?

The baby won’t sleep early, will it?

注意:①He has supper at home every day,doesn’t’t he? (不能用hasn’t he?)

② They have known the matter, haven’t they? (不能用don’t they?)

四.当陈述句中只含有行为动词时,若动词加了s,就用does, 若动词为原形,就用do,动词为过去式,则用did,例如:

You cleaned your house last week, _didn’t___ __you__?

Your father plays the computer very well, __doesn’t__ ___he _?

They look so happy today, _don’t ___ _they___?

五.反意疑问句的陈述部分带有little, few, never, hardly, seldom,nobody, nothing, barely, scarcely等否定意义的词时,问句部分用肯定式。如:

①She never tells a lie, does she?(不用doesn’t she?)

②He was seldom late, was he?(不用wasn’t he?)

六、反意疑问句的陈述部分为I am……时,问句部分习惯上用aren’t I?表示。

如:I am a very honest man, aren’t I?

七.陈述部分的主语为不定代词something, anything, nothing, everything时,问句部分的主语用it。如:

①Something is wrong with the computer, isn’t it?

②Nothing has happened to them, has it?

八、陈述部分的主语为不定代词somebody (someone), anybody (anyone), nobody (no one), everybody (everyone)时,问句部分的主语用he或they,这时问句动词的数应和he或they一致。如:

①Someone has taken the seat, hasn’t he?

②Everyone has done their be st in the game, haven’t they?

九.陈述部分为祈使句

1)若为let’s引导,反问句用shall we? 例如

Let’s go home together, shall we?

2)若为let us引导和其余的任何一般的否定祈使句,都用will you, 例如

Let us stop to rest, will you?

Don’t make any noise, will you?

3)一般的肯定祈使句则用will you 或won’t you 都行,例如:

Do sit down, won’t you?/ will you?

You feed the bird today, will you?

Please open the window, will you? (won’t you?)

十:陈述部分为There (Here) + be + 主语时,问句部分用动词+there (here)?形式。

①There are two cakes on the plate, aren’t there?

②Here is a story about Mark Tw ain, isn’t here?

初中反义疑问句详细讲解[1]

1.指人的不定代词作主语,简略问句一般用they, 也可用he

Everybody is here,________________?

2.陈述句是转移否定,反意疑问句的主语和谓语必须和从句一致。

I don’t think he is a doctor, _______?

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